The new mosquito-borne virus is bothering entire world due it’s deadly effect on the newborn. The virus has the dangourous connection with neurological birth disorder in children. The scariest thing is that this virus is spreading at a high speed across the globe.
The virus is transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquito and termed as Zika virus. Until time, the virus has already spread in 24 countries and shown the deadly impact of it on human life. Recently a warning issued by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for pregnant women that they should not visit the region under the spread of Zika virus. Also, many health officials are suggesting the female citizens of these countries to deal the pregnancy to next 2 years to avoid the impact of this deadly virus on the yet to born child.
An appreciable initiative is taken by U.S. Defense Department to relocate the pregnant women and their beneficiaries to the more safe places were the Zika virus is not spread yet.
At the National Institutes of Health, a statement issued by the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Dr. Anthony Fauci that Zika virus is pandemic in progress, the virus is just spreading more rapidly and not dying out. Also, it is getting worse day by day.
With the high spread of Zika virus, it becomes important that you must be aware of the facts reading this disease. Check out the five important things you must know about Zika virus.
1. What is Zika and why is it so serious?
The Zika virus belongs to the family of West Nile, yellow fever, dengue and chikungunya flavivirus. But unfortunately, the vaccine to treat Zika virus is not available unlike the other viruses nor we have any medicine to treat Zika virus infection.
The worst part about Zika virus is its connection with microcephaly. The virus has grabbed the worldwide attention as it is causing a neurological disorder in the babies and these babies get abnormally small heads. The neurological disorder leads to severe development issues in the babies and sometimes leads to death.
Shockingly in Brazil, since November 4,180 cases of microcephaly were reported in babies born to women who were suffering from Zika virus infection during pregnancies. While in 2014 there were only 146 cases and 51 babies died due to the disorder.
The Zika virus is spreading widely and now Other Latin American countries also have cases reported about the disorders in newborns. In one case reported in the United States of one Hawaiian baby who was born with microcephaly was liked with the stay of the mother in Brazil during pregnancy. Many states have confirmed that Zika virus is getting circulated through people who travelled to the affected region. Illinois also stated the same and two infected pregnant women were monitored by health officials in that area.
Now, CDC stated to OB-GYNs that fetal ultrasounds review and maternal testing has to be carried out if any pregnant woman has recently visited one of the 24 countries where Zika virus is currently active.
The outbreak of Guillain-Barre syndrome which is a very rare autoimmune disorder which leads to deadly paralysis is reported in a smaller range in many countries which is linked to Zika virus.
2. How is Zika spread?
Aedes mosquito bites are the active way of transmission of Zika virus from affected person to the health people. There are many observable symptoms of Zika virus among the people who are suffering from the infection.
The symptoms of Zika virus includes a headache, fever, rash and sometimes pink eye. Around 80% of people who are infected with Zika virus are simply unaware that they are suffering from this disease. In pregnant women case, the virus gets to pass on to the growing baby through amniotic fluid int he body.
Director of the CDC’s Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Dr. Lyle Petersen stated that the new thing that we know about this virus is that the fetuses can get infected with Zika virus. It is not a new fact about the infectious disease but certainly it is new about this virus.
As per Fauci, It is a very unusual and remarkable situation as the other virus from flavivirus family does not affect the fetuses. It is not at all observed int he case of West Nile, dengue or chikungunya.
CDC has confirmed that there are documented cases of the spread of the virus during labor, laboratory exposure, blood transfusion and sexual contact. In some case of Zika the virus is found in breast milk as well, it is not yet confirmed that if the virus has passed on to babies during nursing.
The linkage of Zika to sex is documented in two cases. One was observed during 2013 during the outbreak of Zika virus in French Polynesia. A 44-year-old Tahitian man reported positive for Zika through his urine and semen sample whereas the virus was not present in his blood samples. In 2008, Brian Foy, a Colorado microbiologist contracted Zika during his visit to Senegal, his wife got affected with Zika after few days although she never left northern Colorado and was not exposed to any mosquitoes carrying the Zika virus.