Marijuana the flowering tops of the female type of cannabis plant has cultivated and used by humans in historical periods. A 2,700-year-old grave of a shaman found by Archeologists in Central Asia got 2 pounds of cannabis in it.
There is a wide acceptance that this plant was used by human beings for thousand years. While the pictorial and written evidence of cannabis and it uses are quite scattered in many cultures which existed on the different part of the world.
Drug Classification Halts Use
The recreational and therapeutic use of cannabis was federal prohibited and imposed firstly by Congress by passaged of Marijuana Tax Act of 1937. Under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, the organic compounds (cannabinoids) of the plant were classified as a Schedule I.
Thus, this type of classification has made the cannabis to represent the pool same as heroin. This also means that cannabis hold-
- High potential for abuse
- It is not accepted for medical use
- Lack of accepted safety in order to use the drug
- The use of the drug even under medical supervision is not accepted.
If we compare the situation of cannabis with the prohibited drugs like methamphetamine and cocaine use of which is illegal for recreational. However, one can consume these drugs under doctors supervision as these drugs are classified as Schedule II drugs. The most lenient classification includes putting Analgesics in Schedule V drugs which contain codeine. Also, anabolic steroids and Valium are classified as Schedule III and IV drugs.
In Support of Therapeutic Use
The criminalization of marijuana is often defined using the dated drug classification by federal lawmakers. The detail examination of this classification indicated that there is no scientific basis to make such categorization of this plant. The therapeutic properties of cannabis are regularly under study even after 75 years of prohibition of this drug.
It is amazing that there exist over 20,000 published studies and reviews about the therapeutic properties of cannabis plants and its cannabinoids in the scientific literature. Among this studies about 1/3 rd of the studies are published in recent 4 years. If you tend to search the papers with cannabis plant keyword on PubMed Central, you will get 2,100 studies alone since 2011.
The research studies on this plant indicate that the modern culture has started to accept the usefulness of cannabis as stated in our history and thus public opinion is rapidly changing. The relaxing of state legislation made use fo marijuana for medical purposes legal in 20 states and the District of Columbia. Thus, now many people are coming forward to use marijuana for medical purpose to cure the health issues.
The fight still exists about the validity of making use of marijuana legal and debate continues among different bodies on federal and state level. However, with the widespread of information about the medicinal properties of marijuana the acceptances towards the use of this plant for medical uses is gradually growing among people.